Although Ghana is one of Africa’s most advanced democracies, it is not a perfect democratic system. According to an analysis by Enoch Randy Aikins published in All Africa it will benefit Ghana to carry out constitutional amendments as this will go a long way to consolidate it democratic gains.
Ghana is often touted as a beacon of democracy and multiparty politics in Africa. Since its Constitution came into effect on 28 April 1992, it has successfully organised eight successive presidential and parliamentary elections allowing the peaceful exchange of power between the two major parties.
The Economist Intelligence Unit’s 2021 democracy report categorises Ghana as a flawed democracy, ranking sixth in sub-Saharan Africa and 56th best in the world. The V-Dem 2021 Liberal Democracy Index ranked Ghana as the fifth-best in Africa and 52nd best globally.
Despite these democratic gains and decades of stability, Ghana’s Constitution has been criticised for loopholes that have impeded its effectiveness in yielding the country’s expected good governance and development aspirations.
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