A study in which we look at the level of democracy in four countries where the present incumbent has been in power for more than 15 years and four other countries where two or more Presidents succeeded in office in the last 15 years.
In comparing African countries, those with term limits for the position of the Chief Executive are more likely to have democratic advancements or to be more democratic than those in which there are no term limits.
One-man-rule through successive winnings in multi-party elections can therefore only happen through a botched democratic process transforming any such democracy into a nominal democracy.
The African story is a sad one. A billion Africans are trapped in the hands of a few mad men who have taken the continent hostage. A good example is Yahya Jammeh of the Gambia.
The main objective of this study was to carry out a general overview of the areas in which the causes and enabling conditions of electoral violence in African countries can be underpinned.
Gabon is one of only two countries in the Central African sub-region that has not experienced armed civil conflict since gaining independence. But what explains the recent post-election violence?