This is Article One’s Sections Three to Seven of the “Third Constitution” Of The Direct Democracy Of The United States Of America. Also, see the Preamble to the Constitution here followed by Article One’s Sections One and Two here. Commentary by the author on each Item can be found at the end of this post.
The Senate of the United States shall be composed of two Senators from each State, chosen by the Legislature thereof, for six Years; and each Senator shall have one Vote. Immediately after they shall be assembled in Consequence of the first Election, they shall be divided as equally as may be into three Classes. The Seats of the Senators of the first Class shall be vacated at the Expiration of the second Year, of the second Class at the Expiration of the fourth Year, and of the third Class at the Expiration of the sixth Year, so that one third may be chosen every second Year; and if Vacancies happen by Resignation, or otherwise, during the Recess of the Legislature of any State, the Executive thereof may make temporary Appointments until the next Meeting of the Legislature, which shall then fill such Vacancies.
No Person shall be a Senator who shall not have attained to the Age of thirty Years, and been nine Years a Citizen of the United States, and who shall not, when elected, be an Inhabitant of that State for which he shall be chosen. The Vice President of the United States shall be President of the Senate, but shall have no Vote, unless they be equally divided.
The Senate shall chuse their other Officers, and also a President pro tempore, in the Absence of the Vice President, or when he shall exercise the Office of the President of the United States. The Senate shall have the sole Power to try all Impeachments. When sitting for that Purpose, they shall be on Oath or Affirmation. When the President of the United States is tried, the Chief Justice shall preside: And no Person shall be convicted without the Concurrence of two thirds of the Members present.
Judgment in Cases of Impeachment shall not extend further than to removal from Office, and disqualification to hold and enjoy any Office of honor, Trust or Profit under the United States: but the Party convicted shall nevertheless be liable and subject to Indictment, Trial, Judgment and Punishment, according to Law.
Though only one House of American Congress, the “Volunteer House Of The American People”, will have the responsibility of the finality of decision for legislation, studies, proposals and bills will flow between all the houses. The flow ends at the American Volunteer House Of The People, whose structure is comprised of all the Homes in Our Nation and reaches from sea to sea and is physically housed in a three thousand seat structure, in the governance center of the “Direct Democracy United States of America”.
The Senate of the United States shall be composed of two Senators from each State, chosen by the People of that state thereof for two Years; and each Senator shall have one Vote on the American Advisory Volunteer Senate’s recommendations, regarding their own proposals and the proposals that come to their house from the other houses.
After the American Volunteer Advisory Senate has arrived at a majority consensus of honorable and learned opinion, regarding the recommendations of the “American Volunteer Advisory House Of Representatives” and the “American Volunteer House Of The People”, they will forward their findings on to the “Volunteer House Of The American People” for final decision.
A process for Appeal of the legislative decisions of the “Volunteer House Of The American People”, by the “American Advisory Volunteer House Of Representatives” and the “American Volunteer Advisory Senate” will be established. The appeal will be heard by the “Volunteer American Peoples Grand Jury” and the “Volunteer Advisory Supreme Court”. The validity of an established legislation will hold, until an Appeal overturns it.
No Person shall be an Honored Volunteer Advisory Senator who shall not have attained to the Age of twenty three Years, and been seven Years a Citizen of the United States, and who shall not, when elected, be an Inhabitant of that State for which he shall be chosen.??? I have never understood this idea. It seems like Senators who has lived in their State all their lives, or much of their lives, would serve Better?
The Vice President of the Direct Democracy United States Of America shall be President of the Senate, but shall have no Vote, unless they be equally divided and a tie breaking vote is unanimously requested by the honored members of the “American Volunteer Advisory Senate”.
The Senate shall choose their other Officers, and also a President pro tempore, in the Absence of the Vice President, or when he shall exercise one of the seats of the Seven Presidents of the United States.
When any of the Seven Presidents of the United States is tried, the Chief Justice of the “Volunteer Advisory Supreme Court” and the acting “Third Citizen” of the “American Volunteer House Of The People” shall preside: And no American President shall be convicted without the Concurrence of two thirds (???) of the Members present, of the “Volunteer Advisory Supreme Court” (3 Judges), the “Grand Jury Of The American people” and the “American Volunteer House Of The People”. (667 People)
ALL members, of the Three Congressional Houses will be physically present in the “Center Of Governance”, before an advisory recommendation or final vote can be finalized and validated. Never again can a proposal, or bill of legislation, be finalized from an underrepresented House.
The “American Volunteer Advisory House Of Representatives” and the “American Volunteer Advisory Senate” will not be considered convened unless all members of these houses are present, or substituted by “qualified” members from the “Volunteer House Of The American People”. The “qualifications” being the same as the qualifications for the elections of candidates for Volunteer Advisory American House Of Representatives and the Volunteer Advisory American Senate.
Judicial and The People’s Judgment in Cases of Impeachment shall not extend further than to removal from Office, and disqualification to hold and enjoy any Office of Honor, Trust or Profit under the government of the Direct Democracy United States Of America: but the Party convicted shall nevertheless be liable and subject to Indictment, Trial, Judgment and Punishment, according to the Laws of the resident State of the Impeached Person.
The Times, Places and Manner of holding Elections for Senators and Representatives, shall be prescribed in each State by the Legislature thereof; but the Congress may at any time by Law make or alter such Regulations, except as to the Places of chusing Senators. The Congress shall assemble at least once in every Year, and such Meeting shall be on the first Monday in December, unless they shall by Law appoint a different Day.
The Times, Places and “Manner” (type of voting system?) of holding Elections for Senators and Representatives, shall be prescribed in each State by the “Volunteer Advisory American Senate” thereof and the state unit of the “Volunteer House Of The American People”; but the “Volunteer House Of The American People” may at any time, by Majority Vote Law, make or alter such Regulations.
The “Volunteer Advisory House Of Representatives” and the “Volunteer Advisory Senate” shall stay assembled every day of the year, for a period of ten hours…unless a situation calls for more.
We might consider having all of the houses convened “24/7” and adjusting the number of representatives in them to accommodate this decision? Perhaps Governance should never “sleep”…should operate at full capacity always?
Each House shall be the Judge of the Elections, Returns and Qualifications of its own Members, and a Majority of each shall constitute a Quorum to do Business; but a smaller Number may adjourn from day to day, and may be authorized to compel the Attendance of absent Members, in such Manner, and under such Penalties as each House may provide. Each House may determine the Rules of its Proceedings, punish its Members for disorderly Behaviour, and, with the Concurrence of two thirds, expel a Member.
Each House shall keep a Journal of its Proceedings, and from time to time publish the same, excepting such Parts as may in their Judgment require Secrecy; and the Yeas and Nays of the Members of either House on any question shall, at the Desire of one fifth of those Present, be entered on the Journal. Neither House, during the Session of Congress, shall, without the Consent of the other, adjourn for more than three days, nor to any other Place than that in which the two Houses shall be sitting.
Each House shall be the Judge of the Elections, Returns and Qualifications of its own Members, and all members (the ones of the day shift, or the ones of the night shift) of each house shall constitute a Quorum to expedite the needs of governance. A “few” Individual members may have sick leave, but it may become necessary to quickly substitute them, with “Seconds” already in place, or from qualified members of the “Volunteer House Of The American People”. Each house will function under the irrevocable and irreversible “Rule Of Total And Constant Attendance”. Each shift will be completely represented by members of the respective house, for the duration of the day, or night shifts. Full staffing at all times!
Intent – No more will bills be sneaked through or squeezed through with less than fully attended Houses. (1913) nor voted on outside of the central official legislative area of Our New Nation.
The Senators and Representatives shall receive a Compensation for their Services, to be ascertained by Law, and paid out of the Treasury of the United States. They shall in all Cases, except Treason, Felony and Breach of the Peace, be privileged from Arrest during their Attendance at the Session of their respective Houses, and in going to and returning from the same; and for any Speech or Debate in either House, they shall not be questioned in any other Place.
No Senator or Representative shall, during the Time for which he was elected, be appointed to any Civil Office under the Authority of the United States, which shall have been created, or the Emoluments whereof shall have been encreased during such time; and no Person holding any Office under the United States, shall be a Member of either House during his Continuance in Office.
The Advisor Senators and Advisors of the House shall receive a one time Compensation for service well rendered, at the end of their elected term. This compensation and the definition of what constitutes “well rendered service” will be ascertained by the Will Of The American People in the Volunteer House Of The American People in Direct Democracy Law, and paid out of the Treasury of the United States.
This compensation should be generous ($1,000,000.00), in keeping with established Standards of Just Reward for Excellent Governance Service. Perhaps these standards can be constructed based on points of achievements that can come up in the course of governance service.
They shall in all Cases, except Treason, Felony and Breach of the Peace, be privileged from Arrest during their Attendance at the day or night session of their respective Houses, and from their quarters, going to and returning from the session chambers; and for any Speech or Debate in either House, they shall not be questioned in any other Place. This questioning will not occur while they are in session, in the session chambers, but can happen in their quarters.
In cases of Treason, Felony and Breach of the Peace, the Volunteer Advisor is to be arrested at the end of his, or her, present day or night session and taken right away to a facility for Justice.
The arrested Advisor’s “Second” will assume their position. This replacement advisor will designate another Individual to take the place of “Second Advisor”, or ask the House to provide one. If, for some reason, the respective House cannot provide a replacement for the promoted “Second”, this duty will become the responsibility and mandate of the Volunteer House Of The American People.
Note: The “Eyes Of The People” Bureau is responsible for preventing office holders from getting into trouble; especially while they are in sequestered office. But this duty applies to the screening of the “Volunteer Advisors”, before they are given office too.
All Bills for raising Revenue shall originate in the House of Representatives; but the Senate may propose or concur with Amendments as on other Bills.
Every Bill which shall have passed the House of Representatives and the Senate, shall, before it become a Law, be presented to the President of the United States: If he approve he shall sign it, but if not he shall return it, with his Objections to that House in which it shall have originated, who shall enter the Objections at large on their Journal, and proceed to reconsider it. If after such Reconsideration two thirds of that House shall agree to pass the Bill, it shall be sent, together with the Objections, to the other House, by which it shall likewise be reconsidered, and if approved by two thirds of that House, it shall become a Law. But in all such Cases the Votes of both Houses shall be determined by yeas and Nays, and the Names of the Persons voting for and against the Bill shall be entered on the Journal of each House respectively. If any Bill shall not be returned by the President within ten Days (Sundays excepted) after it shall have been presented to him, the Same shall be a Law, in like Manner as if he had signed it, unless the Congress by their Adjournment prevent its Return, in which Case it shall not be a Law.
Every Order, Resolution, or Vote to which the Concurrence of the Senate and House of Representatives may be necessary (except on a question of Adjournment) shall be presented to the President of the United States; and before the Same shall take Effect, shall be approved by him, or being disapproved by him, shall be repassed by two thirds of the Senate and House of Representatives, according to the Rules and Limitations prescribed in the Case of a Bill.
The Governance Process Of Bills
All Bills, including those for raising Revenue, shall originate in any of the Three Houses. But the Volunteer House Of The American People will be the final decider of whether these bills will be passed and utilized.
The Volunteer Advisor House of the Senate and the Volunteer Advisory House Of Representatives, may propose or concur with Amendments regarding these Bills, before the final vote is taken in the House Of The People.
All proposed bills must receive decision within one year of their introduction. (”Decision Date”) No bill will become hung up (“die”) in committees formed to specially study bills. The committees will submit their findings and recommendations at least one month before the lawful Decision Date of bills.
The advice of the President, as “Advisor In Chief”, should be respectfully heard, regarding each bill proposal, before final decision by The People is made on it.
All bills will be written in Good Plain English Language and will not be longer than one hundred pages (8”X11”)
All bills will be “Single Issue Bills”. Different issues will have their own bill. There will be no more sneaking different issue “pork”, or “earmarking” for funds into a proper “Single Issue Bill”. A bill may refer to other bills, but not include them. Enough of this dishonest political manipulation!
Next up: the last sections of Article One.